Slavery in the US  (2)


Although some owners of slaves in America were kind, many treated the slaves very harshly, not allowing them to learn reading and writing, and restricted their movement and actions very strictly.

If a slave broke the rules or tried to escape, they were beaten badly and sometimes even killed (although a master was hesitant to damage his "property" too much).

Slaves did marry and have children, but these marriages were not considered legal by white law.  Many slave masters sexually abused female slaves who sometimes had mixed children as a result.

Slavery increasingly became a controversial issue in the US, and some politicians from the North favored abolishing (doing away with) slavery.  These tensions among other reasons resulted in the Civil War (1861-1865) in which many people were killed.

Abraham Lincoln, the American President at the time, made the Emancipation Proclamation which "freed" the slaves, but in the South this was ingored until the North won a hard victory in the War.

Slavery, in some forms, continues in some parts of the world today, usually in third-world countries...                       (G.K)

英会話表現&英単語 その42
harshly                             きびしく、残酷に
not allowing them to 〜       〜することを許さず
restrict                            制限する
strictly                            きびしく、厳格に
hesitant to 〜                      〜することを躊躇する
property                            所有物、財産
not considered legal                合法とはみなされない
abuse                               濫用する、虐待する
as a result                         結果として
controversial issue                 議論の的
favored abolishing                  廃止に賛成した
tension                             対立、緊張
result in 〜                〜を引き起こす
Emancipation Proclamation           奴隷解放宣言
won a hard victory                  勝利を勝ち取った
third-world                         第三世界 (発展途上国)

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